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Using setTimeout in objects with Mootools

2012年08月05日 | 作者: 米豆网 - 1000seo | 分类: 前端开发 | 

Often you wish to use setTimeout to call a function in the objects you are creating with MooTools or perhaps even more often you would like to pass parameters into your set time out calls. Well, the MooTools framework has given us a plethora of tools to do all of this and more. In this post I will discuss how you can pass parameters with setTimeout (Well, not really ‘into’ setTimeout, but a better way to get the same result.) and call your functions, delayed and recurring, from your objects created with the MooTools class function.

Closures and bind()

The first problem we tend to encounter the first time we try to do this is that when our member function gets called by setTimeout we get a bunch of errors that our variables are undefined. This problem is caused by JavaScript’s lack of closures which means that there is not hard binding between the function and the object that it is declared in. If you do a little debugging you will discover that the this operator is pointing at the window object not your object. The reason for that is that setTimeout causes the function to be called by the window object and in JavaScript this points to the calling scope.

Because the issue of closures is a problem in many cases when using JavaScript MooTools came up with a generic solution to the problem called bind. The bind() method is a part of the functions.js, found in the Native collection of MooTools functions. Their docs on bind can be found here. The Bind() member function will allow you to bind the this operator to any object you choose, which often will be the this of the object you define it in, but could be any object in the DOM. You can use bind when you call set time out like setTimeout(this.myfunction.bind(this), 1000) to call functions in your object delayed and have still have the this operator point at what you expect it to. That having been said, MooTools has two other functions to help you with delayed and recurring function calls in a much more efficient manner.

Delayed and Recurring calls

As this is an article about setTimeout, you are most likely unconcerned with what closures are and are just wanting your delayed function or recurring/polling/periodic function to work. If so, this is the section for you! The MooTools library provides two functions for calling functions, either delayed or periodically. They are, not surprisingly, called ‘delay’ and ‘periodical’. You use delay when you want a function to execute in so many seconds or periodical when you want a function to execute every so many seconds. Both of these functions return their timer ID and can be stopped by passing that into the $clear() function.

Delay example:

delay_demo = new Class({

    initialize: function(dateString){

        this.count = 0;

        this.delayTimer = this.updateCount.delay(1000, this);

    },

    updateCount: function(){

        this.count++;

    }

});

 

 


 

periodical example:

 

periodical_demo = new Class({

    initialize: function(dateString){

        this.count = 0;

        this.startTimer();

    },

    updateCount: function(){

        this.count++;

    },

    stopTimer: function(){

        $clear(this.periodicalTimer);

    },

    startTimer: function(){

        this.periodicalTimer = this.updateCount.periodical(1000, this);

    }

});

Passing Parameters

Another important feature of bind, delay and periodical is that they will allow you to pass parameters or arguments to the functions they call. Passing arguments to a function called with bind, delay or periodical is as easy as adding a second parameter for bind and, in the case of delay and periodical, a third parameter that is an array of parameter values; e.g., myfunction.periodical(1000, this, [ParamVal1, ParamVal2, “strParamVal3”]) or myfunction.bind(this, [ParamVal1, ParamVal2, “strParamVal3”]).

Common Errors Encountered

There are some situations where you might get an error that does not really explain what the problem is. I have run into two when working with these functions. The first is the “too much recursion” error from Firefox or FireBug. This error indicates that you have used the parenthesis in a place you should not have, an example is using myfunction().delay(1000, this) instead of myfunction.delay(1000, this). The other is having a function that calls periodical that calls its self, which will cause an exponential increase in the number of calls to that function until your browser locks up.

periodical lockup example:

periodical_demo = new Class({
    initialize: function(dateString){
        this.count = 0;
        this.startTimer();
    },
    updateCount: function(){
        this.count++;
    },
    stopTimer: function(){
        $clear(this.periodicalTimer);
    },
    startTimer: function(){
        this.periodicalTimer = this.startTimer.periodical(1000, this); 

//Note calling startTimer from inside startTimer with periodical is very bad.
    }
});

MooTools has neatly provided simple ways to accomplish all of the tasks we would normally use setTimeout for.

本文章由 米豆网 - 1000seo 于2012年08月05日发布在前端开发分类下,您可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
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