当前位置:首页 项目管理 正文
+1°

How To Become A Project Manager

2012年10月16日 | 作者: 米豆网 - 1000seo | 分类: 项目管理 | 

I remember when I was ‘promoted’ from a humble engineer to the dizzy heights of project manager back in my twenties. The company I worked for successfully turned a reasonable engineer into a poor project manager!

Worse than that the company also wanted me to be the ‘technical architect’ (create the products) of the project.

What I needed was the project management skills to manage change.

Picture my frazzled brain by mid-week: “I must get this design optimised…but I must get it done by Friday and not spend any more than 15 hours doing it”

Whatever the specialist area of your organisation, it is important to understand the difference here:

1. Specialists use their skills and experience to create specialist Products (deliverables). These products can be anything from hardware, software, roads, documents, service delivery, aircraft, buildings, carpentry, and HR guidelines, – the list is endless.

2. Project managers on the other hand, need general management skills – (along with a knack for problem solving).

Project managers are there to plan and manage the work – NOT to do it!

So what is the Project Management Skills Set?

1. Be a Leader And A Manager

Leaders share and communicate a common vision (of some future state); they gain agreement and establish the forward direction. They motivate others. Managers are results driven and focus on getting work done against agreed requirements.

A good project manager will constantly switch from a leader to a manager as situations require.

2. Be A Team Builder And A Team Leader

Because projects are often cross-functional in that they use people who may not have worked together before. It is up to the project manager to set the ‘tone’ of the team, and to lead them through the various team development phases to the point where they perform as a team.

Often, the team individuals have their own line manager, and so the PM has no implied authority – yet still needs to motivate the individual. This is particularly true in a ‘Matrix’ organisation.

3. Be A Problem Solver

This is a skill that can be learned – it just needs a little ‘detective’ work up-front!

You will want to first identify the possible ’causes’ that lead to the problem ’symptom’. Now, causes can come from a variety of sources, some are:

  • interpersonal problems
  • internal sources
  • external sources
  • technical sources
  • management sources
  • communication
  • opinions or perceptions

and so on. The next step having found the root causes is to analyze possible options and alternatives, and determine the best course of action to take. Take care to agree what ‘best’ really means here!

4. Be A Negotiator and Influencer

Negotiation is working together with other people with the intention of coming to a joint agreement. It doesn’t have to be the eye-ball-to-eye-ball power struggle you may be thinking of!

For example getting one of the team to work late to meet a deadline when they would prefer to go to the Ball Game.

And for all these you need to have some influencing skills. Influencing is getting events to happen by convincing the other person that your way is the better way – even if it’s not what they want. Influencing power is the ability to get people to do things they would not do otherwise.

5. Be An Excellent Communicator

Being a communicator means recognising that it’s a two-way street. Information comes into the project and information goes out of the project. A good way of summarising this is that all communications on your project should be clear and complete.

As a project manager you will have to deal with both written and oral communications. Some examples are documents, meetings, reviews, reports, and assessments. A good mental guideline is “who needs this information, who gathers and delivers it, when or how often do they need it, and in what form will I give it to them”

6. Be A Good Organizer

Let’s just think of the aspects you will need to organize; project filing including all documentation, contracts, e-mails, memo’s, reviews, meetings, specialist documents, requirements and specifications, reports, changes, issues, risks, etc.

It’s almost impossible to stay organized without having Time Management Skills – so add this to your list!

7. Be A Competent And Consistent Planner

The skill of planning can’t be underestimated (and neither can estimating!).

There are known and logical steps in creating plans. As a project manager you will certainly own the Project Plan – but there may be others depending upon the project. Examples are, Stage Plans, Exception Plans, Team Plans, Hand-over Plans, Benefit Realisation Plans, etc.

Don’t worry if you haven’t heard of some of these as they may not be necessary – just be aware that planning should become second nature to you.

Two aspects need to be mentioned here:

  1. Plans are ALWAYS documents – don’t fall into the trap of thinking that, for example, a Gantt Chart is a plan – its only a schedule diagram.
  2. Successful projects are delivered by successful teams. ALWAYS use the team to help create the Plan (unless, rarely, there is a good reason why not, such as commercial confidentiality, or contractual conditions)

8. Set Up And Manage Budgets

At the heart of this is the skill of estimating – particularly cost estimates. Nearly always the project manager will need certain knowledge of financial techniques and systems along with accounting principles.

Part of the Project Plan will be something called the Spend Plan. This will show the planned spend against a time-scale. The PM will want to get involved in purchasing, quoting, reconciling invoices, time sheets, labor costs, etc.

The project manager then needs to establish what has actually happened as opposed to what was planned and to forecast the expected final costs. Normally accounting and project management tools will help – but remember the garbage in = garbage out rule!

Well, that just about summarises the main areas.

If you are new to project management, don’t be too bamboozled by all this – there are well understood methodologies, tools, guidelines, and procedures to help you on your way to developing the important life-skill of Project Management.

from:http://www.pmhut.com/how-to-%20become-a-project-manager

本文固定链接:http://www.1000seo.com/pm/1553
本文章由 米豆网 - 1000seo 于2012年10月16日发布在项目管理分类下,您可以发表评论,并在保留原文地址及作者的情况下引用到你的网站或博客。
+复制链接 转载请注明:How To Become A Project Manager-米豆网
关键字:, , , ,

好文章就要一起分享!

更多

目前共有1条留言

  • Irina Vasilieva

    1楼
    2012 年 10 月 21 日 03:46:00 回复

    hey hey!! this is a very nice website here and I just wanted to comment & say that you’ve done a great job here! Very nice choice of colors & layout, very easy on the eyes.. Nicely done!…

发表评论

你的大名(必填)

你的邮箱(必填)

你的网站(选填)

评论内容(必填)

icon_wink.gif icon_neutral.gif icon_mad.gif icon_twisted.gif icon_smile.gif icon_eek.gif icon_sad.gif icon_rolleyes.gif icon_razz.gif icon_redface.gif icon_surprised.gif icon_mrgreen.gif icon_lol.gif icon_idea.gif icon_biggrin.gif icon_evil.gif icon_cry.gif icon_cool.gif icon_arrow.gif icon_confused.gif icon_question.gif icon_exclaim.gif